Syllabus
Physical Science
Holt Science and Technology - 2005

FIRST SEMESTER ( includes all AMSTI labs for "Energy, Machines, and Motion)

CHAPTER 1 - THE WORLD OF PHYSICAL SCIENCE
1. Identify steps within the scientific process.

Applying process skills to interpret data from graphs, tables, and charts

Identifying controls and variables in a scientific investigation.

Measuring dimension, volume, and mass using Systeme International d’Unites (SI Units)

Identifying examples of hypotheses.

Identifying appropriated laboratory glassware, balances, time measuring equipment, and optical instruments used to conduct an investigation.

CHAPTER 2 - THE PROPERTIES OF MATTER
1. State the law of conservation of matter.
Balancing chemical equations by adjusting coefficients
CHAPTER 3 -THE STATES OF MATTER
1. State the law of conservation of matter.
Balancing chemical equations by adjusting coefficients
CHAPTER 5 - MATTER IN MOTION
1. Identify Newton’s three laws of motion.

Defining terminology such as action and reaction forces, inertia, acceleration, momentum, and friction.

Interpreting distance – time graphs

CHAPTER 6 - FORCES AND MOTION
1. Identify Newton’s three laws of motion.

Defining terminology such as action and reaction forces, inertia, acceleration, momentum, and friction.

Interpreting distance – time graphs
1. Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy.

Example: potential – rock resting at the top of a hill,

Kinetic – rock rolling down a hill

CHAPTER 7 - FORCES IN FLUIDS
1. Describe states of matter based on kinetic energy of particles in matter.

Explaining effects of temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalyst on the rate of chemical reactions.

CHAPTER 8 - WORK AND MACHINES
1. Describe how mechanical advantages of simple machines reduce the amount of forces needed for work.

Describing the effect of forces on pressure in fluids

i.      Example:  increasing force on fluid leading to increase of pressure within a hydraulic cylinder.

CHAPTER 9 - ENERGY AND RESOURCES
1. State the law of conservation of matter.
Balancing chemical equations by adjusting coefficients
CHAPTER 10 - HEAT AND TECHNOLOGY
1. Explain the law of conservation of energy and its relationship to energy transformations, including chemical to electrical, chemical to heat, electrical to light, electrical to mechanical, and electrical to sound.

SECOND SEMESTER - ( includes all AMSTI labs for "Parts of Matter"

CHAPTER 11 - INTRODUCTION TO THE ATOM
1. Describe the structures of atoms, including the location of protons, neutrons, and electrons.

Identifying the charge of each subatomic particle

Identifying Democritus and Dalton as contributors to the atomic theory.

1. Determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and the mass of an element using the periodic table.

Locating metals, nonmetals, metalloids, and noble gases on the periodic table

Using data about the number of electrons in the outer shell of an atom to determine its reactivity.

CHAPTER 12 - THE PERIODIC TABLE
1. Describe the structures of atoms, including the location of protons, neutrons, and electrons.

Identifying the charge of each subatomic particle

Identifying Democritus and Dalton as contributors to the atomic theory.

1. Determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and the mass of an element using the periodic table.

Locating metals, nonmetals, metalloids, and noble gases on the periodic table

Using data about the number of electrons in the outer shell of an atom to determine its reactivity.

CHAPTER 7 - ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS, AND MIXTURES
1. Differentiate between ionic and covalent bonds.

Illustrating the transfer or sharing of electrons using the dot diagram

1. Describe solution in terms of solute and solvent.

Define diffusion and osmosis

Defining isotonic, hypertonic, and hypotonic solutions

Describing acids and bases based on their hydrogen ion concentration.

1. Describe states of matter based on kinetic energy of particles in matter.

Explaining effects of temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalyst on the rate of chemical reactions.

CHAPTER 13 - CHEMICAL BONDING
1. Differentiate between ionic and covalent bonds.

Illustrating the transfer or sharing of electrons using the dot diagram

1. Describe solution in terms of solute and solvent.

Define diffusion and osmosis

Defining isotonic, hypertonic, and hypotonic solutions

Describing acids and bases based on their hydrogen ion concentration.

1. Describe states of matter based on kinetic energy of particles in matter.

Explaining effects of temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalyst on the rate of chemical reactions.

CHAPTER 14 - CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Differentiate between ionic and covalent bonds.

Illustrating the transfer or sharing of electrons using the dot diagram

1. Describe solution in terms of solute and solvent.

Define diffusion and osmosis

Defining isotonic, hypertonic, and hypotonic solutions

Describing acids and bases based on their hydrogen ion concentration.

1. Describe states of matter based on kinetic energy of particles in matter.

Explaining effects of temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalyst on the rate of chemical reactions.

CHAPTER 15 - CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS
1. Differentiate between ionic and covalent bonds.

Illustrating the transfer or sharing of electrons using the dot diagram

1. Describe solution in terms of solute and solvent.

Define diffusion and osmosis

Defining isotonic, hypertonic, and hypotonic solutions

Describing acids and bases based on their hydrogen ion concentration.

1. Describe states of matter based on kinetic energy of particles in matter.

Explaining effects of temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalyst on the rate of chemical reactions.

CHAPTER 16 - ATOMIC ENERGY
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 17 - INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICITY
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 18 - ELECTROMAGNETISM
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 19 - ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 20 -  ENERGY OF WAVES
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 21 - THE NATURE OF SOUND
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 22 - THE NATURE OF LIGHT
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.

CHAPTER 23 - LIGHT AND OUR WORLD
1. Classify waves as mechanical or electromagnetic.

Examples:  mechanical – earthquake waves;

Electromagnetic – ultraviolet light waves, visible light waves

Describing how earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves can be destructive or beneficial due to the transfer of energy

Describing longitudinal and transverse waves

Describing how waves travel through different media.

Relating wavelength, frequency, and amplitude to energy

Describing the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of frequencies

i.      Example: electromagnetic spectrum in increasing frequencies – microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays.